Nazi propaganda techniques of the 1930s were successfully used to create
enormous public support for Hitler. The worldwide depression of the early 1930s
led to massive social and financial problems in Germany. 1932
was when Germany
was in economic crisis, with sky-high inflation and unemployment.
When Hitler came to power, he used every means to destroy opposition. This includes the imposition of state censorship of newspapers, books, and radios. In support of this, students and members of the Nazi party thew banned literature into a bonfire in Berlin in May 1933.
deliberate burning of the Reichstag building in Berlin on
February 27, 1933, was
an excuse for Adolf Hitler to bring emergency powers and call for new elections
into play. During this time,
Hitler’s Nazi Party was having a rally at Nuremburg in
In June 1934, Hitler had many of his rivals killed. His policies were popular because they promised to make Germany powerful. In 1935, the Nuremburg Laws took away their citizenship and banned them from marrying non-Jews. Other laws stopped Jews from being able to work and allowed their property to be taken. Some people hid Jews to save them, but most were found and the people hiding them were killed or imprisoned.
Germans raided the homes of Yom Kippur and with their prayer shawls still on,
they forced the men to dig ditches to make latrines. Nazis forbade Jews from being educated, using public
transportation, or even the telephone. One
of the people they forced to work on the ditch was an old Jewish teacher.
The SS pushed pork into his mouth. The
teacher spit it out. They kept
pushing it in, and he kept spitting it out and fighting them.
Another SS man took pictures of how they forced a Jew to eat pork on Yom
Kippur. Finally the Germans lost
patience and shot him and then put the pork sausage in his mouth.
He died there.
Auerbacher lived in Jebenhausen, Germany. She
was just six years old in 1941. She
remembers: “I was so little, and
the star seemed so big. I didn’t
feel shame, but I was scared when I wore it.
We were branded. It was like
we wore a large yellow neon sign pointing to us as Jews”.
in September 1941, the Jews were forced to wear a yellow Star of David with the
word Jude printed in the center to tell what race they were and then forced to
live in ghettos. The Jews had to
sew the identification star on their clothes.
Jews were not able to own a radio under the penalty of death.
They had to stand in line to turn in their radios at a German depot.
Thirty thousand Jews were killed due to not wearing their badges.
badges were first introduced in Poland in
Jews who failed to wear them risked death by shooting.
The badges were worn on their backs and on their fronts.
France and Belgium stated that the yellow badges were “Another step on
the road to the final solution”. This
policy was a part of what the Germans called the “Special Treatment”. Under this policy the Jews could endure:
These are the badges they used in different countries:
The way the guards told what type of prisoner a person was is by the triangular patches. They were color coordinated and called badges too!
in concentration camps such as Dachau were forced to stand without moving for
endless hours as a punishment. The
prisoners were liberated or freed when the Germans were over thrown by the war.
Rossville Jr. High-7th Grade
2002 Holocaust Project